Achieving a carbon-neutral energy system in china by 2060
China is the world’s biggest energy user and coal consumer, but also the world’s largest producer of renewable energy and the leader in electric vehicle manufacture and adoption.
In this Scenario sketch, we develop a possible pathway for China to achieve a carbon-neutral energy system by 2060. It is a highly challenging goal, but one we believe is economically and technically possible
This sketch sets out a deep and rapid decarbonisation pathway that relies on electrifying as much of the economy as possible with low-carbon and no-carbon power generation. The remaining hard-to-electrify energy needs are met by low-carbon fuels, such as hydrogen and advanced bioenergy, and technologies like carbon capture, utilisation and storage.
We identify three main areas of action over the next 40 years: accelerate clean technologies like renewable power, hydrogen and bio-resources; support energy-efficient and low-carbon choices to halve energy intensity; and remove carbon emissions by scaling up carbon capture, utilisation and storage.
If these and other actions are taken, China could achieve its target by 2060.